EEA

Population status and trends at the EU and Member State levels

Choose a period and a species.

Download factsheet
Legend
+
Increasing
0
Stable
x
Unknown
-
Decreasing
F
Fluctuating
U
Uncertain

Please note that additional information on mouse over values and trends stands for the quality of the underlying data as reported by Member States.

Current selection: 2008-2012, Picus viridis. Show all
Data from Member States reports
MS Breeding Population Breeding Range Winter Population Areas from gridded maps (km2)
Population Trend Surface Trend Population Trend
Size&Unit % MS Period ST Trend Period LT Trend Area % MS Period ST Trend Period LT Trend Size&Unit % MS Period ST Trend Period LT Trend Distrib. % MS Range % MS
AT
16000 - 26000 p
2.0 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 x
93448
3.3 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 0
63600 3.0 89500 3.1
BE
10000 - 11000 p
1.0 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 + (113 - 134) #
30037
# 1.1 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 + (12 - 12) #
30400 1.4 31000 1.1
BG
11000 - 25000 p
1.7 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 0
120500
4.3 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 0
107000 5.0 120000 4.2
CZ
DE
42000 - 76000 p
5.6 1998-2009 + (42 - 77) 1990-2009 + (90 - 191) #
348777
12.3 1998-2009 0 1985-2009 0 #
331200 15.6 359300 12.5
DK
320 - 320 p
# 1999-2011 - (50 - 100) 1980-2011 - (50 - 100) #
30716
1.1 1999-2011 + (9 - 9) 1980-2011 0 #
20300 1.0 38500 1.3
EE
20 - 50 p
2001-2012 - (50 - 70) 1980-2012 - (50 - 70)
4700
0.2 2001-2012 - (50 - 70) 1980-2012 - (92 - 92)
3200 0.2 4700 0.2
ES
236000 - 420500 p
# 31.4 1998-2012 - (22 - 22) 1980-2012 - #
507914
17.9 1998-2012 - 1980-2012 - #
446100 21.1 502100 17.5
FR
200000 - 350000 p
26.4 2001-2011 0 1989-2011 + (50 - 50)
564900
20.0 2001-2012 0 1985-2013 0
439000 20.7 559100 19.5
GR
HU
8300 - 11400 p
# 1.0 1999-2012 x 1980-2012 x
93011
# 3.3 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 x
39700 1.9 96100 3.4
IT
60000 - 120000 p
8.4 2000-2012 + (70 - 80) 1990-2012 + (70 - 80)
250500
8.9 2002-2013 + (2 - 2) 1983-2013 + (20 - 20)
218500 10.3 248300 8.7
LT
400 - 800 p
0.1 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 - (20 - 30)
28700
1.0 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 0
7900 0.4 28700 1.0
LU
250 - 400 p
2000-2012 F 1980-2012 F
2596
# 0.1 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 0
2700 0.1 2500 0.1
LV
0 - 20 p
x 1994-2012 - (98 - 100)
7763
0.3 x 1980-2004 - (80 - 80)
2100 0.1 8400 0.3
NL
9314 - 11384 p
1.0 2002-2011 + (29 - 86) 1984-2011 + (232 - 589)
37832
1.3 1998-2012 0 1977-2012 0
32000 1.5 37300 1.3
PL
16000 - 26000 p
# 2.0 2000-2012 + (100 - 320) x #
x x
PT
10000 - 50000 p
2.5 2001-2012 x 1980-2012 x #
96600
3.4 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 0
69500 3.3 92800 3.2
RO
60000 - 120000 p
8.4 2001-2013 x 1980-2012 x
198400
7.0 2001-2013 x 1980-2012 x
7200 0.3 195100 6.8
SE
10000 - 18000 p
# 1.3 2001-2012 - (19 - 41) 1980-2012 - (35 - 55) #
180200
6.4 2001-2012 0 1980-2012 x
81300 3.8 180200 6.3
SI
9000 - 15000 p
# 1.2 2001-2012 - ( - 28) 1980-2012 x #
17518
0.6 2001-2012 x 1980-2012 0
17000 0.8 19200 0.7
SK
1200 - 2000 p
0.2 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 0
52295
1.8 2000-2012 0 1980-2012 0
37800 1.8 54900 1.9
UK
47000 - 58000 p
5.3 1998-2010 + (18.30 - 18.30) 1980-2010 + (63.95 - 63.95) #
163900
5.8 1989-2009 + (5 - 5) 1970-2009 0
162700 7.7 196200 6.9
EU population status assessments
Breeding Population Breeding Range Winter Population Bird Status Contribution
to target 1
Season Subspecies /
subspecific units
Size & Unit ST Trend LT Trend Area ST Trend LT Trend Size & Unit ST Trend LT Trend Trends Status
EU27 760000 - 1370000 p 0 0 2220000 Secure A B #
EU27 760000 - 1370000 p 0 0 2220000 Near Threatened C B #

The hash sign (#) under Subspecies/subspecific units-Trends or Status means that the EU population trends or EU status were not assessed at the same level as the current selection (species and subspecific unit).

In italics, additional assessment at the subspecies or population level (available only for subspecies listed in the Annexes of the Birds Directive).